Space near the Earth keeps having a variety of environmental changes that together constitute space weather. Many types of effects keep occurring in the upper atmosphere. Its surrounding magnetic field interacts with several kinds of particles, matter and radiations. When a stream of solar particles interferes with the weather of space, it starts developing in the form of a solar wind that also makes a strong impact on the Earth. When this solar activity goes higher, many kinds of solar eruptions can disturb the Earth’s atmosphere in a much stronger way.
Particles or radiations in the form of solar flares also have the capability to disturb the complete electromagnetic spectrum. However, it is hard to predict these flares or eruptions unless we study and properly forecast space weather. Large eruptions can even form auroras at high altitudes. These are also capable of interrupting with our satellite, GPS and radio communication systems. Additionally, some power grids may be impacted due to solar flares. Intensely erupted particles can cause extreme damage to electronics and spacecraft. Under situations of solar wind, radiation threat also exists for electronic gadgets and for people who are in flights at that time.
Various systems and gadgets can be protected if we receive a space weather forecast. A good monitoring of solar activity can also save those astronauts who need to move for space walks. We may timely send warnings to those networks and businesses that are likely to be affected by solar or magnetic storms forming in space. Space weather forecasting is additionally required to save various projects that involve high financial inputs. Developing communication technologies have also increased our threat from such adverse space weather conditions. Thus, it is very much required for us to know about the constantly occurring changes in space weather so precautionary measures can be taken in a timely manner.
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